In the 17th century this land was the property of the Grand Marshal of the Crown Stanisław Herakliusz Lubomirski. He created a park with several small buildings, a place that was supposed to be his solitude. He built a bathing pavilion here and this is why the park was called Łazienki, which in Polish language means “Baths”.
In the second half of the 18th century the park became the property of Stanisław August Poniatowski, after his election as King of Poland. The new owner hired great architects to redesign the park as his summer residence. Nowadays it`s one of the most beautiful parks in Europe. It contains different kinds of gardens which is reminiscent of the changing trends over the centuries. The geometric French style garden was popular in the 18th century, the landscaped English garden was typical for the 19th century and a Modernist garden from the 20th century.
There are some of the greatest examples of Polish Classicism here: the Palace on the Isle (rebuilt from the old bathing pavilion), Amphitheatre, Myślewicki Palace, White Pavilion and Old Orangery with the only 18th century royal court theater in Poland.
All buildings here are decorated with art from royal collections. Stanisław August was a big patron of the arts, however his reign didn`t bring much luck to Poland from political point of view. He was interested in peace, art and education. the King`s philosophy is visible everywhere here. Every building tells us a story, and shows the King`s great taste and contains his message to the next generations about what`s most important in life.