The Holy Cross Basilica is one the most important churches in Warsaw. Its history starts in the 15th century when a small wooden chapel of the Holy Cross was constructed here. It was expanded through the centuries to meet the needs of Warsaw’s population. The church we see today was designed by Józef Szymon Belotti. The two towers were designed by Józef Fontana and the sculptures were created by Jan Jerzy Plersch, a famous Polish sculptor.
Polish King Stanisław August Poniatowski used to visit this church frequently. The Basilica was the location of the first anniversary celebration of the May 3rd Constitution, the first in Europe, and second in the world after the United States. In one of the church`s pillars there is an urn with Frederick Chopin`s heart, brought from Paris to Warsaw by his sister. During the Second World War the church was completely destroyed and reconstructed after the war.